A Father’s Faith Or A Father’s Certitude?
I decided that today I would talk about the story about Abraham and Isaac (Genesis 22:1-14). We often call it the sacrifice of Isaac. The Jewish tradition calls it the binding of Isaac or the akedah. What in the world was I thinking about? The longer the week went on the more of a conundrum this story became. I thought of my Jewish friend with whom I worked in the airlines. I asked him what they, the Jewish tradition, do with this story and others like it in which God seemingly commands killing others. “Nothing,” he said. “That’s not who God is. We ignore them.” Then he went on to tell me about midrashim, the stories, and commentaries that rabbis throughout the centuries have written in an attempt to understand, explain, and resolve this text. Apparently, Judaism struggles with it as much as do you and I. The longer the week went on the more I wished I had taken my friend’s advice and just ignored it but here we are.
“Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains that I shall show you.” According to the writer of Genesis, these are the words Abraham heard God speak to him.
I cannot resolve this story for you or myself. I doubt anyone can. Maybe the best we can do is to honestly and deeply engage and struggle with the text, ourselves, and God. While we do that let’s also be mindful that we are always tempted to say more about God than we can really ever know.
The traditional interpretation is that Abraham proved his faithfulness by his willingness to sacrifice Isaac. And we uphold him for that and name him the father of our faith. He is the father of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. But here’s what I want to know. Do you really believe that God told Abraham to kill Isaac? Is that consistent with your experience of God? Does that match the God you know? Is that the God you go to worship every Sunday morning?
While I believe there is truth in this story and something for us to learn, I do not believe that God told Abraham to kill Isaac. That’s not the God I know. That’s not the God I come to worship every Sunday morning. That’s just not my experience of God. And while we are at it, I refuse to accept the worn out and heretical argument that there are two different Gods, an Old Testament God of law and violence and a New Testament God of grace and love. The God of Abraham is also the God of Jesus is also the God of you and me. There is only one God.
So, I want to explore this text not by asking what’s going on with God but by asking what’s going on with Abraham. By now most of you have heard enough of my ramblings to know that when I ask what’s going on with Abraham, I am also asking what’s going on with us.
I’ve become convinced that at some level many, maybe most, of the thoughts, wonderings, rumblings, and rummaging around in our hearts and minds are a conversation with God. Haven’t you had times when it seemed God was speaking to you? Asking something of you? Haven’t you had times when you listened for God’s will? Haven’t you had times when you sought God’s guidance, clarity about your life, or wisdom for a decision? Haven’t you had times when you sensed something going on within you but couldn’t quite make sense of what that was? We probably all have.
And in those times, we want to be faithful. So did Abraham. We want to do what God asks of us. So did Abraham. We do the best we can at the time. So did Abraham. Sometimes we get it right, other times we don’t. So did Abraham. So, what if this text is giving us a glimpse into the rumblings and rummaging around going on in Abraham’s heart and mind? Maybe we are hearing Abraham’s interior conversation with God and being offered some insight about our own.
You know as well as I that our conversations with God are not always as clear, direct, or easy as we’d like them to be. Sometimes it’s difficult to discern between our own voice and God’s voice. How do we know it really is God’s voice and not our own? I can’t help but wonder if Abraham was mistaken or confused about whose voice he was listening to. His certitude is what makes me wonder this. He is absolutely convinced he knows the mind of God, and certain of what he is to do. He doesn’t question, argue, or negotiate. Certitude has closed his heart, his mind, and his mouth. We ought to be wary of our certitude, when we are absolutely convinced that there is only one way and we’ve got it figured out, especially in regard to the mind of God. Certitude should be for us a red light or at least a yellow light, not a green light to proceed full speed ahead.
What do you think Sarah would have said if Abraham had told her his plans? Do you think she would have shared his certitude? Picture Abraham coming to Sarah and saying, “Let me tell you what God told me. Isaac and I are going on a little trip. …” It’s not hard to imagine that she would have had a few things to say to Abraham. What would you have said to him? And why didn’t he tell Sarah his plans? Why didn’t he tell Isaac? Why didn’t he tell the two young men he took with him up the mountain? If Abraham were willing to question, and argue and negotiate with God over the fate of Sodom and Gomorrah why would he not do so for his own son, his only son, whom he loves? What parent here today wouldn’t do that? What parent wouldn’t at least say, “Take me instead?”
Abraham’s silence is not a sign of his faithfulness. Instead, his certitude became his silence. In the silence of his certitude Abraham arose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, packed a knife and rope, cut the wood, “set out and went to the place in the distance” (Genesis 22:3). Abraham was leaving his home. His heart had closed. His mind was made up. There was nothing more to be said. God’s heart, however, remained open. The open heart of God sent an angel and a ram.
Certitude about the mind of God is a dangerous thing. It is the very opposite of faithfulness. It is at the heart of violence, prejudice, and fundamentalism of every kind. Certitude prevents change and growth. It excludes other possibilities, voices, and ways of being. Certitude isolates us and denies our need of others, including God. It puts us rather than God at the centre of life and the world. Certitude closes hearts and minds. It is narrow rather than expansive, exclusive rather than inclusive. Certitude ends conversation. Did you know that after Abraham left the mountain in today’s Old Testament story there are no other stories in which God spoke to Abraham?
If there is anything to be learned from today’s story it is that our certitudes must always be questioned, discerned in community, challenged, held lightly, and even sacrificed. Are we really hearing the voice of God or is it our own voice? Certitude distorts and perverts our faith. In faith we profess there is only one God. We have faith that God is with us but our certitude of that often means that God is with only those who look, speak, act, or believe the way we do. By faith we trust and experience God’s love for us. Our certitude of that often means that God does not love or accept those who differ from us. Surely, God is bigger and better than that. Shouldn’t we also be? Certitude lives in the extremes. It underlies many of the crazy things we say and do to each other. The risk of certitude is that it takes us to a place in the distance, a place far from home, a place where we are not fully ourselves and we do not allow God to be fully God’s self.
We all have our certitudes about God. Abraham did. You do. I do too. What are your certitudes about God? Are you willing to sacrifice them? To let them go. I’m not asking you to sacrifice or give up your faith but to have the kind of faith that would sacrifice your certitudes: that would open you to a deeper understanding and experience of God; that would expand the presence of God in your life, the life of another, and the world; that would enlarge and continue the conversation. Maybe that’s what ultimately happened on the mountain that day.
Abraham offered a sacrifice on the mountain. The text says it was a ram. But what if it was more than just a ram? What if the real sacrifice that day was Abraham’s certitude? Maybe that’s the real the reason we can call him the father of our faith. He sacrificed his certitude of knowing the mind of God and trusted the mystery and the silence of God. What about you and me? What certitudes do we need to sacrifice in order to be faithful, to truly be children of Abraham?
Abraham – Charles R. Swindoll
Michael Marsh Blog
The Message of Abraham – Ibrahim Canan
Abraham's Silence: The Binding of Isaac, the Suffering of Job, and How to Talk Back to God - J. Richard Middleton
Abraham – Meg Warner
A Father Offers His Son: The True and Greater Sacrifice Revealed Through Abraham and Isaac – Scott Lapierre